IMPROVE YOUR VOCABULARY WITH 5 WORDS A DAY
Từ vựng ư. Dễ thôi!
Ai cũng biết có bao nhiêu ngày trong một năm? Đúng rồi. Có 365 ngày. Vậy thử tưởng tượng, nếu một ngày bạn chỉ cần học 5 từ, thì một năm vốn từ của bạn sẽ là 5 x365 = 1,825 từ (ONE THOUSAND, EIGHTHUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIVE WORDS). Đây không hề là một con số nhỏ! Đấy là chưa kể đến số từ mà bạn thu thập được từ các nguồn khác như: Đọc sách, đối thoại,…. Đến đây thì chắc hẳn bạn đã nhận ra được tuyệt kĩ của công phu này?
Học từ vựng Tiếng Anh thì không thể thiếu một cuốn sổ nhỏ. Hãy sở hữu nó với giá 5000 VNĐ và ghi vào đó, 5 từ mới mỗi ngày. Và sau đó là cố gắng thực hành đến nhuần nhuyễn cách đọc, tìm hiểu ý nghĩa, cách dùng… của chúng.
Let’s do it now.
Sau đây xin mạn phép giới thiệu 200 động từ kép, cùng nghĩa và ví dụ minh họa cho mỗi động từ. Động từ ghép có từ 2 đến 3 từ ghép lại với nhau, thường là động từ + trạng từ hoặc động từ + giới từ. Hãy nhớ, những động từ ghép này đóng một vai trò quan trọng trong công phu “Từ vựng”. Cách tốt nhất để bạn thành thạo với chúng là cố gắng để sử dụng chúng trong câu, chứ không phải là đọc qua một lượt ý nghĩ của chúng một lúc. Hãy làm như cách học từ vựng đã được nói ở trên kia, mỗi ngày chọn ra 5 và thực hành.
Nếu bạn chia mỗi động từ ghép dưới đây thành những động từ riêng biệt với một ý nghĩa riêng, bạn sẽ cảm thấy dễ dàng hơn để nhớ được chúng. Giống như những động từ khác, động từ ghép thường có nhiều hơn một nghĩa. Và bạn cần phải sử dụng đúng nghĩa của nó ở những hoàn cảnh thích hợp. Ví như trong khi một số động từ ghép yêu cầu tân ngữ trực tiếp đi sau nó, một số khác thì không. Hay ở trường hợp khác, một số động từ cho phép ta xen tân ngữ vào giữa, nhưng có số khác thì không.
Verb Meaning Example
ask someone out: invite on a date
Ex: Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around: ask many people the same question
Ex: I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something: equal
Ex: Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up: reverse
Ex: You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone up: support
Ex: My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up: explode
Ex: The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something up: add air
Ex: We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down: stop functioning (vehicle, machine)
Ex: Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down: get upset
Ex: The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something down: divide into smaller parts
Ex: Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in: force entry to a building
Ex: Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something: enter forcibly
Ex: The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something in: wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new
Ex: I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in: interrupt
Ex: The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break up: end a relationship
Ex: My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up: start laughing (informal)
Ex: The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out: escape
Ex: The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out in something :develop a skin condition
Ex: I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down: make unhappy
Ex: This sad music is bringing me down.
bring someone up: raise a child
Ex: My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something up: start talking about a subject
Ex: My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up: vomit
Ex: He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around: phone many different places/people
Ex: We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back: return a phone call
Ex: I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off: cancel
Ex: Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on someone: ask for an answer or opinion
Ex: The professor called on me for question 1.
call on someone: visit someone
Ex: We called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call someone up: phone
Ex: Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm down: relax after being angry
Ex: You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for someone/something: not like (formal)
Ex: I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch up: get to the same point as someone else
Ex: You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in: arrive and register at a hotel or airport
Ex: We will get the hotel keys when wecheck in.
check out: leave a hotel
Ex: You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
checksomeone/something out: look at carefully, investigate
Ex: The company checks out all new employees.
check out someone/something: look at (informal)
Ex: Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up: become happier
Ex: She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up: make happier
Ex: I brought you some flowers to cheeryou up.
chip in: help
Ex: If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up: tidy, clean
Ex: Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across something: find unexpectedly
Ex: I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart: separate
Ex: The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with something: become sick
Ex: My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward: volunteer for a task or to give evidence
Ex: The woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come from: somewhere originate in
Ex: The art of origami comes from Asia.
count on someone/something: rely on
Ex: I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out: draw a line through
Ex: Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on something: consume less
Ex: My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something down: make something fall to the ground
Ex: We had to cut the old tree in our yarddown after the storm.
cut in: interrupt
Ex: Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in: pull in too closely in front of another vehicle
Ex: The bus driver got angry when that carcut in.
cut in: start operating (of an engine or electrical device)
Ex: The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off: remove with something sharp
Ex: The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off: stop providing
Ex: The phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut someone off: take out of a will
Ex: My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something out: remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)
Ex: I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
dosomeone/something over: beat up, ransack (Br.E., informal)
Ex: He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over: do again (N.Amer.)
Ex: My teacher wants me to do my essayover because she doesn’t like my topic.
do away with something: discard
Ex: It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up: fasten, close
Ex: Do your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress up: wear nice clothing
Ex: It’s a fancy restaurant so we have todress up.
drop back: move back in a position/group
Ex: Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over: come without an appointment
Ex: I might drop in/by/over for tea some time this week.
drop someone/something off: take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there
Ex: I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out: quit a class, school etc
Ex: I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out: eat at a restaurant
Ex: I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end up: eventually reach/do/decide
Ex: We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart: break into pieces
Ex: My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down: fall to the ground
Ex: The picture that you hung up last nightfell down this morning.
fall out: separate from an interior
Ex: The money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out :(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached
Ex: His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something out: understand, find the answer
Ex: I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something in to write information in blanks (Br.E.) Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something out: to write information in blanks (N.Amer.)
Ex: The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something up: fill to the top
Ex: I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out: discover
Ex: We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something out: discover
Ex: We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get something across/over: communicate, make understandable
Ex: I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/on: like each other
Ex: I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around: have mobility
Ex: My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away: go on a vacation
Ex: We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with something: do without being noticed or punished
Ex: Jason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get back: return
Ex: We got back from our vacation last week.
get something back: receive something you had before
Ex: Liz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back at someone :retaliate, take revenge
Ex: My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into something: become interested in something again
Ex: I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on something: step onto a vehicle
Ex: We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over something: recover from an illness, loss, difficulty
Ex: I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over something: overcome a problem
Ex: The company will have to close if it can’tget over the new regulations.
get round to something: finally find time to do (N.Amer.: get around tosomething)
Ex: I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together: meet (usually for social reasons)
Ex: Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up: get out of bed
Ex: I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up: stand
Ex: You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone away: reveal hidden information about someone
Ex: His wife gave him away to the police.
give someone away: take the bride to the altar
Ex: My father gave me away at my wedding.
give something away: ruin a secret
Ex: My little sister gave the surprise partyaway by accident.
give something away: give something to someone for free
Ex: The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something back : return a borrowed item
Ex: I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in: reluctantly stop fighting or arguing
Ex: My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give something out: give to many people (usually at no cost)
Ex: They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something up: quit a habit
Ex: I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up: stop trying
Ex: My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someone: follow someone
Ex: My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after something: try to achieve something
Ex: I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someone: compete, oppose
Ex: We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead: start, proceed
Ex: Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back: return to a place
Ex: I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out: leave home to go on a social event
Ex: We’re going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someone: date
Ex: Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over something: review
Ex: Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over: visit someone nearby
Ex: I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without something: suffer lack or deprivation
Ex: When I was young, we went withoutwinter boots.
grow apart: stop being friends over time
Ex: My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow back: regrow
Ex: My roses grew back this summer.
grow up: become an adult
Ex: When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out of something: get too big for
Ex: Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into something: grow big enough to fit
Ex: This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand something down: give something used to someone else
Ex: I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand something in: submit
Ex:vI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something out: to distribute to a group of people
Ex: We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something over: give (usually unwillingly)
Ex: The police asked the man to hand overhis wallet and his weapons.
hang in: stay positive (N.Amer., informal)
Ex: Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.
hang on: wait a short time (informal)
Ex: Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out: spend time relaxing (informal)
Ex: Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up: end a phone call
Ex: He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.
hold someone/something back: prevent from doing/going
Ex: I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold something back: hide an emotion
Ex: Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.
hold on: wait a short time
Ex: Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto someone/something: hold firmly using your hands or arms
Ex: Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.
hold someone/something up: rob
Ex: A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing something : continue doing
Ex: Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something from someone : not tell
Ex: We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep someone/something out: stop from entering
Ex: Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something up: continue at the same rate
Ex: If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone down: fail to support or help, disappoint
Ex: I need you to be on time. Don’t let medown this time.
let someone in: allow to enter
Ex: Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
look after someone/something: take care of
Ex: I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on someone: think less of, consider inferior
Ex: Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for someone/something: try to find
Ex: I’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to something: be excited about the future
Ex: I’m looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into something: investigate
Ex: We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out: be careful, vigilant, and take notice
Ex: Look out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out for someone/something: be especially vigilant for
Ex: Don’t forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look something over: check, examine
Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something up: search and find information in a reference book or database
Ex: We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to someone: have a lot of respect for
Ex: My little sister has always looked up to me.
make something up: invent, lie about something
Ex: Josie made up a story about about why we were late.
make up: forgive each other
Ex: We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone up: apply cosmetics to
Ex: My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something up: confuse two or more things
Ex: I mixed up the twins’ names again!
pass away: die
Ex: His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass out: faint
Ex: It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something out: give the same thing to many people
Ex: The professor passed the textbooksout before class.
pass something up: decline (usually something good)
Ex: I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone back: return owed money
Ex: Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay youback on Friday.
pay for something: be punished for doing something bad
Ex: That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something out: choose
Ex: I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
pointsomeone/something out: indicate with your finger
Ex: I’ll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put something down: put what you are holding on a surface or floor
Ex: You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put someone down: insult, make someone feel stupid
Ex: The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put something off: postpone
Ex: We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something out: extinguish
Ex: The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put something together: assemble
Ex: I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up with someone/something: tolerate
Ex: I don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put something on: put clothing/accessories on your body
Ex: Don’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into someone/something: meet unexpectedly
Ex: I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over someone/something: drive a vehicle over a person or thing
Ex: I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/through something: rehearse, review
Ex: Let’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away: leave unexpectedly, escape
Ex: The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out: have none left
Ex: We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something back: return (usually by mail)
Ex: My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something up: arrange, organize
Ex: Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone up: trick, trap
Ex: The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around: compare prices
Ex: I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off: act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)
Ex: He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over: stay somewhere for the night (informal)
Ex: You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something out: organize, resolve a problem
Ex: We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to something: continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing
Ex: You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something off: stop the energy flow, turn off
Ex: The light’s too bright. Could you switchit off.
switch something on: start the energy flow, turn on
Ex: We heard the news as soon as weswitched on the car radio.
take after someone: resemble a family member
Ex: I take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apart: purposely break into pieces
Ex: He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take something back: return an item
Ex: I have to take our new TV backbecause it doesn’t work.
take off: start to fly
Ex: My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off: remove something (usually clothing)
Ex: Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something out: remove from a place or thing
Ex: Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take someone out: pay for someone to go somewhere with you
Ex: My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear something up: rip into pieces
Ex: I tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.
think back: remember (often + to, sometimes + on)
Ex: When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something over: consider
Ex: I’ll have to think this job offer overbefore I make my final decision.
throw something away: dispose of
Ex: We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn something down: decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)
Ex: Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something down: refuse
Ex: I turned the job down because I don’t want to move.
turn something off: stop the energy flow, switch off
Ex: Your mother wants you to turn the TVoff and come for dinner.
turn something on: start the energy, switch on
Ex: It’s too dark in here. Let’s turn some lights on.
turn something up: increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc)
Ex: Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up: appear suddenly
Ex: Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something on: sample clothing
Ex: I’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.
try something out: test
Ex: I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something up: finish the supply
Ex: The kids used all of the toothpaste upso we need to buy some more.
wake up: stop sleeping
Ex: We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm someone/something up: increase the temperature
Ex: You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up: prepare body for exercise
Ex: I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off: fade away
Ex: Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out: exercise
Ex: I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out: be successful
Ex: Our plan worked out fine.
work something out: make a calculation
Ex: We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.
Dịch: Thi Khoa